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Article Name The Usage of Operational Research for Engineering Applications as an Interdisciplinary Approach
Author Name Ömür DEMİRER, Reha Metin ALKAN
Address Hitit Üniversitesi, Çorum İstanbul Teknik Üniversitesi, İstanbul omurdemirer@hitit.edu.tr - alkan@hitit.edu.tr
Abstract Operational Research (OR) has become a science field with a wide application area that is used by many disciplines/fields within the last few decades. The techniques that were developed especially to solve the problems of British soldiers during the World War II were later entitled as Operational Research Techniques. In addition to the successful outcomes of these techniques, improvements in computer technologies after 1970s notably accelerated this process, and increased the popularity of Operational Research Techniques. In this context, this study discusses the application fields, advantages, and disadvantages of the operational research techniques with professional work applications in various fields. In addition, this study provides a comprehensive literature review of OR, which focuses on its use in engineering applications. The findings of the paper indicate that operational research techniques can be utilized in a large number of various engineering fields. However, it is found that certain operational research methods and algorithms could more appropriate than others in solving specific engineering problems. There are two main reasons that can be stated to explain this result. One of which is to do with the fact that each engineering discipline has its unique features and problems. The second reason isthat operational research is a discipline having various methods and algorithms each of which applicable to a specific condition. Thus, selecting a proper operational research technique in order to solve an engineering problem is of utmost importance. In conclusion, it is essential to have a multidisciplinary approach and a team of experts coming from diverse professional domains in order to solve specific engineering problems. Keywords: Operational Research, Project Planning, Engineering Applications
Published in Electronic Journal of Map Technologies
Issue 7
Volume 1
Pages 37-46
Year 2015
Type Paper
Language Turkish
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